The Trump administration on Monday demanded that Iran make wholesale changes in its military and regional policies or face “the strongest sanctions in history,” as it sought to turn up heat on Tehran after President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from a landmark nuclear deal.
In speech that called Iran out for a wide range of “malign activities” apart from its nuclear program, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called for the negotiation of a new deal that would go far beyond the single focus of the 2015 agreement and would have the status of a formal treaty. The 2015 deal concluded under the Obama administration dealt only with the nuclear program and was not a treaty but rather a U.N.-endorsed executive agreement between the parties.
Here are the 12 demands:
1) Iran must declare to the IAEA a full account of the prior military dimensions of its nuclear program, and permanently and verifiably abandon such work in perpetuity.
2) Iran must stop enrichment and never pursue plutonium reprocessing. This includes closing its heavy water reactor.
3) Iran must also provide the IAEA with unqualified access to all sites throughout the entire country.
4) Iran must end its proliferation of ballistic missiles and halt further launching or development of nuclear-capable missile systems.
5) Iran must release all U.S. citizens, as well as citizens of our partners and allies, each of them detained on spurious charges.
6) Iran must end support to Middle East terrorist groups, including Lebanese Hizballah, Hamas, and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad.
7) Iran must respect the sovereignty of the Iraqi Government and permit the disarming, demobilization, and reintegration of Shia militias.
8) Iran must also end its military support for the Houthi militia and work towards a peaceful political settlement in Yemen.
9) Iran must withdraw all forces under Iranian command throughout the entirety of Syria.
10) Iran must end support for the Taliban and other terrorists in Afghanistan and the region, and cease harboring senior al-Qaida leaders.
11) Iran must end the IRG Qods Force’s support for terrorists and militant partners around the world.
12) Iran must end its threatening behavior against its neighbors – many of whom are U.S. allies. This certainly includes its threats to destroy Israel, and its firing of missiles into Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. It also includes threats to international shipping and destructive – and destructive cyberattacks.